1837 Emigrant Information
Mr. Peck's Emigrant Guide
©Susan Cook; Illinois Trails History and Genealogy
Illinois College is located in the vicinity of Jacksonville, and one mile west of the town. Its situation is on a delightful eminence, fronting the East and overlooking the town, and a vast extent of beautiful prairie country, now covered with well cultivated farms.
Shurtleff College of Alton, Illinois is pleasantly situated at Upper Alton. It originated in the establishment of a seminary at Rock Spring, in 1827, and which was subsequently removed.
Alton Theological Seminary is an organization distinct from Shurtleff College and is under the charge of a Theological Professor, with seven or eight students, licentiates of Baptist Churches.
M'Kendreean College, under the supervision of the Methodist Episcopal Church, is located in Lebanon, St. Clair County.
M'Donough College, at Macomb, has just commenced operations. It is identified with the interests of the "old school" Presbyterians, as the Illinois college at Jacksonville is with the "new school" Presbyterians.
Canton College in Fulton county has recently been chartered as a college by the legislature.
Belvidere college, in Winnebago county, has been recently chartered, and an effort is about being made to establish a respectable literary institution in this new and interesting portion of the State.
The Jacksonville Academy is established for the convenience of those whose studies are not sufficiently advanced to enter the Preparatory department of Illinois College. The Jacksonville Female Academy is a flourishing institution. A respectable academy is in operation at Springfield; another at Princeton, Putnam county; a third at Griggsville; a fourth at Quincy.
The Alton Female Seminary is an institution projected for a full and useful course of instruction on a large scale, and is designed wholly as a boarding school.
The project of establishing a seminary for the education of teachers, at Waverly in the south eastern part of Morgan county is being entertained. A seminary is about being established in a settlement of Reformed Presbyterians in the eastern part of Randolph county. The "Reformers," or Campbellites, as some term them, have a charter and contemplate establishing a college at Hanover, in Tazewell county.
The Methodist Episcopal Church is the most numerous. The Illinois Conference, which embraces this state and a portion of Wisconsin Territory, in 1835 had 61 circuit preachers, and 15,097 members of society. They sustain preaching in every county and in a large number of the settlements.
The Baptist denomination includes 22 associations, 260 churches, 160 preachers and 7,350 communicants
The Presbyterians have one Synod, eight Presbyteries, and about 80 churches, 60 ministers and 2,500 members.
There are 12 or 15 Congregationalist churches, united in an association and several ministers
The Methodist Protestant denomination has one conference, 22 ministers and 344 members
The Reformers, as they term themselves, or "Campbellites," as others call them, have several large, and a number of small societies, a number of preachers, and several hundred members, including the Christian body, with which they are in union. They immerse all who profess to believe in Christ for the remission of sins, but differ widely from orthodox Baptists on some points of doctrine.
The Cumberland Presbyterians have two or three Presbyteries, twelve or fifteen preachers and several hundred communicants
There are two churches of Reformed Presbyterians, or Covenanters, one minister, and about 280 communicants, with a few families scattered in other parts of the state. There are also two or three societies of Associate Reformed Presbyterians, or Seceders.
In M'Lean county is a society of United Brethren, or, as some call them, Dutch Methodists.
The Dunkards have five or six societies and some preachers in this state
There are several Lutheran congregations with preachers
The Protestant Episcopal Church has an organized diocese, eight or ten congregations, and seven or eight ministers
There are small societies of Friends or Quakers in Tazewell and Crawford counties; and a few Mormons, scattered through the state
The Roman Catholics are not numerous. They have a dozen congregations, eight or ten priests, and a population between five and six thousand including old and young. A convent and boarding school for young ladies is in operation at Kaskaskia. The Roman Catholics are mostly about the old French villages, and the labourers along the line of canal
There is considerable expression of good feeling amongst the different religious denominations, and the members frequently hear the preachers of each other, as there are but few congregations that are supplied every Sabbath.
SUGGESTIONS TO EMIGRANTS REGARDING TRAVEL
Having decided to what state, and part of the state, an emigrant will remove, let him then conclude to take as little furniture and other luggage as he can do with, especially if he comes by public conveyances. Those who reside within convenient distance of a sea port would find it both safe and economical to ship by New Orleans, in boxes, such articles as are not wanted on the road, especially if they steer for the navigable waters of the Mississippi. Bed and other clothing, books, etc., packed in boxes, like merchants' goods, will go much safer and cheaper by New Orleans than by any of the inland routes. I have received more than 100 packages and boxes from eastern ports, by that route, within 20 years, and never lost one. Boxes should be marked to the owner or his agent at the river port where destined, and to the charge of some forwarding house in New Orleans. The freight and charges may be paid when the boxes are received.
If a person designs to remove to the north part of Ohio and Indiana, to Chicago and vicinity, or to Michigan or Green Bay, his course should be by the New York canal, and the lakes.
The same route will carry emigrants to Cleveland, and by the Ohio canal, to Columbus, or to the Ohio River at Portsmouth; whence, by steamboat, direct communications will offer to any river port in the Western States. From Buffalo, steamboats run constantly (when the lake is open) to Detroit, stopping at Erie, Ashtabula, Cleveland, Sandusky and many other ports, whence stages run to every prominent town. Transportation wagons are employed in forwarding goods.
The most expeditious, pleasant, and direct route for travelers to the southern parts of Ohio and Indiana; to the Illinois river, as far north as Peoria; to the Upper Mississippi as far as Quincy, Rock Island, Galena and Prairie du Chien; to Missouri and to Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Natchez and New Orleans, is one of the southern routes. These are:
From Philadelphia to Pittsburgh, by railroads and the Pennsylvania canal
By the Baltimore and Ohio railroad and stages, to Wheeling
For people living to the south of Washington, by state, by the way of Charlottesville (Virginia), Staunton, the Hot, Warm, and White Sulphur Springs, Lewisburg, Charleston, to Guyandotte, whence a regular line of steamboats runs three times a week to Cincinnati. Intermediate routes from Washington city to Wheeling, or to Harper's Ferry, to Fredericksburg, and intersect the route through Virginia, At Charlottesville
The Pioneer line, on this route, is exclusively for passengers and professes to reach Pittsburgh in four days but is sometimes behind, several hours. Fare through, $10. Passengers pay for meals.
The Good Intent line is also for passengers only, and runs in competition with the Pioneer line.
Leech's line, called the "western Transportation line," takes both freight and passengers. The packet boats advertise to go through, to Pittsburg, in five days, for $7. Midship and steerage passengers in the transportation line, in six and a half days; merchandise delivered in eight days. Generally, however, there is some delay. Emigrants must not expect to carry more than a small trunk or two, on the packet lines. Those who take goods or furniture, and wish to keep with it, had better take the transportation lines, with more delay. The price of meals on board the boats is about thirty-seven and a half cents.
In all the steamboats on the western waters, no additional charge is made to cabin passengers for meals; and the tables are usually profusely supplied. Strict order is observed, and the waiters and officers are attentive
Steamboat Route from Pittsburg to the mouth of the Ohio
|Middletown, Pa||Aurora, Indiana|
|Economy, Pa||Petersburg, Ky|
|Beaver, Pa||Bellevue, Ky|
|Georgetown, Pa||Rising Sun, Indiana|
|Steubenville, Ohio||Fredericksburg, Ky|
|Wellsburgh, Va||Vevay, Indiana, and Ghent, Ky|
|Elizabethtown, Va||Port William, Ky|
|Warren, Ohio||Madison, Indiana|
|Sistersville, Va||New London, Indiana|
|Newport, Ohio||Bethlehem, Indiana|
|Marietta, Ohio||Westport, Ky|
|Parkersburg, VA||Transylvania, Ky|
|Belpre and Blannerhasset's Island, Ohio||Louisville, Ky|
|Troy, Ohio||Shipping port, through the canal|
|Belleville, Va||New Albany, Indiana|
|Letart's Rapids, Va||Salt River, Ky|
|Point Pleasant, Va||Northampton, Indiana|
|Gallipolis, Ohio||Leavenworth, Indiana|
|Guyandotte, Va||Fredonia, Indiana|
|Burlington, Ohio||Rome, Indiana|
|Greensburg, Ky||Troy, Indiana|
|Portsmouth (Ohio Canal)||Rockport, Indiana|
|Vanceburg, Ky||Owensburg, Ky|
|Manchester, Ohio||Evansville, Indiana|
|Maysville, Ky||Henderson, Ky|
|Charleston, Ky||Mount Vernon, Indiana|
|Ripley, Ohio||Carthage, Ky|
|Augusta, Ky||Wabash river, Ky|
|Neville, Ohio||Shawneetown, Ill.|
|Moscow, Ohio||Mouth of Saline, Ill.|
|Point Pleasant, Ohio||Cave in Rock, Ill.|
|New Richmond, Ohio||Golconda, Ill.|
|Columbia, Ohio||Smithland, mouth of the Cumberland river, Ky|
|Fulton, Ohio||Paducah, mouth of the Tennessee river, Ky|
|Cincinnati, Ohio||Caledonia, Ill.|
|North Bend, Ohio||Trinity, mouth of Cash river, Ill.|
|Lawrenceburg, Ind., and mouth of the Miami||Mouth of the Ohio River|
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