History of Coles County, illinois

By Charles Edward Wilson

© 1905

Chapter III

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Early Settlements

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LAND SYSTEM AND GOVERNMENT SURVEYS--NAMES AND LOCATION OF EARLY SETTLERS--DATE OF ARRIVAL AND WHENCE THEY CAME--THE PARKER FAMILY CAME IN 1824--OTHER EARLY COMERS--THE BATES, DOTY, BURR, DUDLEY AND OTHER FAMILIES ARRIVED IN 1825-1826--QUOTATIONS FROM PECK'S GAZETTEER REGARDING EARLY SETTLEMENTS--THE WABASH POINT, GOOSE NEST PRAIRIE, DRY GROVE, INDIAN CREEK, DUDLEY, MUDDY POINT, ASHMORE, CUTLER, DEAD MAN'S GROVE, HICKORY CREEK, EMBARRAS AND WHITLEY SETTLEMENTS-- DR. JOHN CARRICO FIRST REPRESENTATIVE IN THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.

All the lands of Coles County at the time of its settlement, except Section No. 16 in each township, which was set apart for schools, were a part of the public domain, subject to purchase or to entry under the Public Land Act. These lands had been surveyed. The surveyor is the true pioneer. He is the path-finder; he blazes the way; he must come before any rights to the land can be established by the citizen. George Washington was a surveyor. Daniel Boone, George Rogers Clark and others known to fame in those colonial days as pioneer of the West, were either skilled surveyors or assisted in that work.

After much and long discussion, the statesmen of our national infancy days decided that a congressional township should be six miles square, containing an area of thirty-six sections. Each full section should be a mile square and consist of 640 acres. The 36 sections composing a congressional township are numbered from 1 to 36, beginning at the upper right hand (north-east) corner of the township and numbering west to No. 6; then dropping to the next tier of sections below (south) and numbering east to No. 12; then down to 13 and west to 18, and so on. These townships are described with reference to a base-line and a meridian-line. The base-line for Coles County "Commences at Diamond Island in the Ohio, opposite Indiana, and runs due west till it strikes the Mississippi a few miles below St. Louis." The "Third Principal Meridian," from which are numbered the ranges in the greater part of Coles County, is a line running due north from the mouth of the Ohio. The "Second Principal Meridian" is a line extended due north from the mouth of the Little Blue River in Indiana.

In describing Mattoon, for instance, we may say it covers Sections 13 and 14, Town 12 North, Range 7 East of the Third Principal Meridian -- meaning that those sections are in the 12th Congressional township North of the Base Line referred to, and in the Seventh Range of townships east of the line called the Third Principal Meridian.


List of Early Settlers. -- The following is a list which, though not complete, is, perhaps, as nearly so as can be made, of those settlers (heads of families) who came here previous to 1840. The localities where they settled are given in a general way, as within the territory now included in certain townships or as in the neighborhood of some "point" of timber. Many names are given without stating when or whence they came, because authentic information on those points could not be had; but in all such cases, the parties came at some time in the 'thirties.

There are doubtless errors and omissions in the list given, but it is believed to be in the main substantially correct. Many of the men named came, remained a short time and then left, hence but little is known about them. But the reader will recognize many names of progenitors of men and women now living among us, and a great deal of history is given in the mere making of this list:

Ashmore Township

Settler

Whence Emigrated

Year of Arrival

S.H. Ashmore

Clark Co., Ill.

1828

William Austin

Tennessee

1828

Laban Burr

New York

1826

Enos Barnes

Kentucky

1830

Wm. H. Brown

Edgar Co., Ill.

1839

Alfred Brooks

Ohio

1829

William Brooks

Ohio

 

Archibald Brooks

Ohio

1827

William Birch

England

1836

William Barnes

Kentucky

1828-1830

William Bitner

Pennsylvania

1829

Simon Bitner

Pennsylvania

1838

Adam Cox

Tennessee

1827

John Carter

Kentucky

1830

John Cutler

Ohio

1829

John Cheesman

Ohio

1828-1829

James Clark

Kentucky

1833

Edward Cox

Virginia

1836

James Cox

Tennessee

 

Hiram Cornwell

Kentucky

1830-32

Pleasant Combs

Tennessee

1830

John Coon

Kentucky

 

Henry Coon

Kentucky

 

James Dudley

New Hampshire

1826

Guilford Dudley

New Hampshire

1826

Moses Dudley

New Hampshire

1830

Joseph Epperson

Kentucky

1834

Green Epperson

Kentucky

1834

Alfred Elkins

Kentucky

1834

Wm. H. Galbreath

Kentucky

1831

Aris Galbreath

Kentucky

1833

David Golladay

Virginia

1830

Samuel Grossheart

Kentucky

1833

Christopher Grove

Virginia

1828

Joseph Henry

Kentucky

Before 1833

Peter K. Honn

Kentucky

1835-6

John Hackett

Kentucky

1835

Thos. W. Hallock

New York

1837

James Hite

Kentucky

1831

Samuel Hoge

Kentucky

1834

Ellis Hix

Kentucky

1832

Benjamin Harding

Kentucky

 

Thomas Harding

Kentucky

 

James Hughbanks

Kentucky

1828

Thomas Hughbanks

Kentucky

1828

John Hughbanks

Kentucky

1828

Wm. Jones

Kentucky

1831

Vinson Johnson

Indiana

 

Patrick Kern

Ohio

1837

Jacob Keigley

Pennsylvania

1838

John Laffler

Ohio

1837

William Mack

Kentucky

1833

John Mitchell

Indiana

1828

Matthew McLain

Ohio

1828

James Moffett

Virginia

1838

Thomas Mitchell

Virginia

1838

John H. Modrell

Tennessee

1832-33

Geo. Modrell

Tennessee

1832-33

Andrew Modrell

Tennessee

1832-33

Jesse Meadows

Tennessee

1832-33

Brant Moody

 

1839

John T. Olmsted

Kentucky

1837

Capt. Chas. D. Phelps

Kentucky

1830

John B. Prince

Tennessee

1835

John Poulter

Kentucky

1836

Ezekiel Peddigrew

 

 

Thomas Reed

Kentucky

1830

George Roop

Indiana

 

James Rouse

 

 

John K. Spears

Kentucky

1834

David Sousley

Kentucky

1828

Christopher Sousley

Kentucky

1828

Peter Sublett

Kentucky

1830

James Sublett

Kentucky

1830

Joseph B. Scott

Kentucky

1828-29

Gideon Satterlee

Ohio

1833-34

Wm. Shoot

Kentucky

 

Henry G. Smith

Ohio

1831-32

-.-. Scammahorn

 

 

Fountain Turner

Kentucky

1834

John Tutwiler

Kentucky

1836

George Tiff

Kentucky

bef. 1830

Reuben Tuttle

 

 

Charles Thomas

Pennsylvania

1838

James Wells

Kentucky

1830

William Woods

Kentucky

1834

John Wright

Kentucky

1829

Reason Wiley

Kentucky

1828

Darius Wiley

Kentucky

1839

Aden Wiley

Kentucky

1837

Ira Wiley

Kentucky

1839

Samuel Wiley

Kentucky

1831-32

Dow Pearson Wiley

Kentucky

1831-32

John Wiley

Kentucky

1831

Eli Wiley

Kentucky

1839

George Warfield

Maryland

1837

David Woodall

Tennessee

1829

Robert Waters

Ohio

1829-30

Patrick White

 

 


Charleston Township

Settler

Whence Emigrated

Year of Arrival

James Y. Brown

Tennessee

1831

Charles R. Briggs

New York

1839

Christiana Gray Bovell (widow)

Paris, Ill.

1835

Mrs. Elizabeth Bloyer (widow)

Pennsylvania

1837-38

Edmund Curd

Kentucky

1836

Wm. Collom

Tennessee

1831

Reuben Canterbury

Kentucky

1832

Dr. John Carrico

Kentucky

1830-31

Michael W. Cossell

W. Virginia

1829

Michael Cossell, Sr.

W. Virginia

1830

Isaac Cossell

W. Virginia

1830

Solomon Cossell

W. Virginia

1830

Albert Compton

Indiana

1833

Thos. G. Chambers

Kentucky

1838

Wm. Duty

 

1829

Alexander P. Dunbar

Kentucky

1831

Henry Clay Dunbar

Kentucky

1831

Jacob K. Decker

Crawford Co., Ill.

1836

Thos. S. Dowling

Virginia

1836

John M. Eastin

Indiana

1828

Van S. Eastin

Indiana

1826

Charles Eastin

Indiana

1830

David Eastin

 

1830-31

Nathan Ellington

Virginia

 

O.B. Ficklin

Kentucky

1837

Wm. Frost

Virginia

1830-31

Dr. Aaron Ferguson

Indiana

1830

Levi Flenner

Virginia

 

Abraham Flenner

Virginia

 

Joseph Fowler

Tennessee

1836-38

Robert Fleming

 

1830

Leander Gillingwater

Virginia

1830-31

Enoch Glassco

Kentucky

1829-30

Harmon Gregg

 

1827

Robert Gray

Tennessee

1831

Wm. Gilman

Edgar Co., Ill.

1838

Levi Hackett

Kentucky

1835

John Huffman

Kentucky

1834

--. --. Harman

   

R.D. Hodges

Kentucky

1832

John R. Jeffries

Tennessee

1835

Wm. Janes

 

Bef. 1827

Usher F. Linder

Kentucky

 

Jonathan Linder

Virginia

1829-30

William Linder

Indiana

1835

Lewis

Tennessee

1827

Robert Lightfoot

Kentucky

1836

Lester

 

1826

Isaac Lewis

   

Loyd

   

Stephen Miller

Kentucky

 

Charles S. Morton

Kentucky

1829-30

James A. Mitchell

Tennessee

1833

Byrd Monroe

Kentucky

1834

John Monroe

Kentucky

1834

Thos. J. March

Kentucky

1836

James McCrory

Kentucky

1837

James M. Miller

Kentucky

1838

Thomas A. Marshall

Kentucky

1839

H.R. Norfolk

Kentucky

1833

Thos. Nordyke

Virginia

 

Michael Owens

   

Nathaniel Parker

   

Alexander Perkins

Indiana

1836

Rev. John H. Robertson

Tennessee

1829-30

James Riley

Crawford Co., Ill..

1826-27

James Reat

Ohio

1839

Thos. Stoddert

Kentucky

1836

Richard Stoddert

Kentucky

1838

Hiram Steepleton

Tennessee

1827

Arick A. Sutherland

Edgar Co., Ill.

1828

Samuel Shoemaker

Virginia

1834

John Shoemaker

Virginia

1834

Mary Stoddert (widow)

Kentucky

 

Dr. Thos. B. Trower

Shelbyville, Ill.

1836

John Veach

Crawford Co., Ill.

1828

James Wiley

Edgar Co. , Ill.

1835

James Whitney

Kentucky

 


East Oakland Township

Settler

Came From

Arrived

Thomas Afflick

Scotland

1836

L.E. Archer

Vermont

1835

Samuel Ashmore

Tennessee

1829

Hezekiah J. Ashmore

Tennessee

1831

W. L. Ashmore

Kentucky

1832

John L. Berry

Kentucky

1830

Josiah Black

   

Leonard Bell

Kentucky

1832

Thomas Blair

Ohio

1832

Solomon Boyers

Ohio

1832

Burson

Ohio

1835

Wm. Chadd

Indiana

 

Daniel Campbell

Ohio

1832

Wm. Curtis

Ohio

1832

Jackson Chaney

Kentucky

1833

Dr. Sterling Combs

 

1836

Hiram Donica

Kentucky

1833

John Daugherty

Kentucky

1833

Peter Gobert

France

1837

Jerry Hunter

Ohio

1832

James D. Hunt

Kentucky

1834-36

Andrew Hite

Ohio

1835

Lyman Keyes

New York

 

Almon Keyes

New York

 

Daniel Keyes

New York

 

John King

Virginia

1832

Alexander Laughlin

Virginia

1830

Moses Luce

Ohio

1832

Frank Lucas

Kentucky

1834

Dr. Montague

 

1837

Gideon Minor

Kentucky

1832

Whitfield W. Morrison

Virginia

1831

Eli Morrison

Virginia

1831

Thomas McCord

Tennessee

1832

David McCord

Tennessee

1832

Newton McCord

Tennessee

1832

William Mundell

Kentucky

1834

Wm. Nokes

Kentucky

 

Dr. Wm. Patton

 

 1838

Stanton Pemberton

Virginia

1831

Daniel B. Powers

Ohio

1838

Asa Redden

Kentucky

1830

James Redden

Kentucky

1830

Eli Sargent

Ohio

1830

Enoch Sears

Ohio

1833

James Smith

Kentucky

1833

David Winkler

Ohio

1834

John Woodall

Ohio

 

Martin Zimmerman

Virginia

1837


Hutton Township

Settler

Came From

Arrived

John Ashby

Crawford Co., Ill.

1830

Rev. John Adams

Ohio

1838

Rev. Matthew Baker

 

1831

George Baha

Kentucky

 

Wm. Beavers

Clark Co., Ill.

1833

Solomon B. Brandenburg

Indiana

1829

John W. Brooks

S. Carolina

1836

Wm. Barick

Crawford Co., Ill.

1832

John Barick

Crawford Co., Ill.

1832

Henry Barick

Crawford Co., Ill.

1832

John Bensley

Ohio

1837

John Baker

Ohio

1838

Jeremiah Cooper

N. Carolina

1837

Reddick Cartright

Tennessee

1827-28

Eleven Cartright

Tennessee

1827-28

Anthony Cox

Virginia

1828

Joel Connolly

Indiana

1832

George Cottingham

Kentucky

1837

John J. Cottingham

Kentucky

1837

Coburn

 

1830

Albert Carney

Ohio

1837

Francis Carney

Ohio

1837

John C. Davis

Indiana

1829

Hugh Doyle

Kentucky

1830

Thos. Dallas

Ohio

1839

Andrew Endsley

Ohio

1838

Jacob Evinger

Ohio

1831

Henry Evinger

Ohio

1831

Frederick Evinger

Ohio

1831

Daniel Easton

Crawford Co., Ill.

1833

Benjamin Eaton

Crawford Co., Ill.

 

George Giffin

   

George Goodman

 

1833

Simon Gilbert

Kentucky

1838

Dr. Peter Garrison

Crawford Co., Ill.

1834-35

Daniel Goble

Kentucky

1832-33

John Hutton

Crawford Co., Ill.

1834

Geo. K. Harris

   

John Hulin

   

Joseph Handley

   

Elisha Hadden

   

Wm. Ingram

Vermilion Co., Ill.

1835

Pleasant Ingram

Vermilion Co., Ill.

1835

Henry Ingram

Vermilion Co., Ill.

1838

John Irving

Virginia

1830-32

Chas. Irving

Virginia

1830-32

Benjamin Irving

Virginia

1830-32

Jeremiah Johns

Virginia

1838

James Johns

Virginia

1838

Wm. B. Johnston

Ohio

1838

James Kelley

 

1827

Nicholas Lemming

Crawford Co., Ill.

1835

John Little

   

James Lytle

Ohio

1838

John McMorris

Virginia

1839

Benj. McMorris

Virginia

1839

Chas. R. Martin

Kentucky

1837

James Nees

 

1826

Eli Nees

 

1826

Henry Nees

 

1826

Abijah Neal

 

1838

Wm. Orchard

Kentucky

1832

John Parker

Crawford Co., Ill.

1824

Daniel Parker

Crawford Co., Ill.

1824

Benjamin Parker

Crawford Co., Ill.

1824

Silas Parker

Crawford Co., Ill.

1824

George Parker

Crawford Co., Ill.

1824

James Parker

Crawford Co., Ill.

1824

George Parker

Crawford Co., Ill.

1825-1826

Samuel Parker

Crawford Co., Ill.

1825-1826

Daniel Parker

Crawford Co., Ill.

1825-1826

Jeptha Parker

Crawford Co., Ill.

1825-1826

William Parker

Crawford Co., Ill.

1825-1826

Rev. Chas. Pennington

Pennsylvania

1833

Joseph Painter

Crawford Co., Ill.

1825-1826

Rev. Samuel Peppers

Kentucky

1836

John Rennels

Indiana

1837

Wm. Rennels

Indiana

1837

James Rennels

Indiana

1832

Wm. Stevens

Kentucky

1830

Stephen Sargent

Kentucky

1838

Wm Stivers

Kentucky

1830

Wm. Stewart

Virginia

1831

Stephen Stone

Kentucky

1832

G.W. Smith

Kentucky

1839

Wm. Steeley

Indiana

1832

Franklin Strader

Indiana

1832-34

Jas. Strader

Indiana

1832-34

John Strader

Indiana

1832-34

Stansberry

Kentucky

 

Swisher

   

John Tincher

   

Griffin Tipsoward

Kentucky

1825-1826

Richard O. Wells

Kentucky

1838

John M. Walker

Indiana

1833

David Weaver

Indiana

1833

Wm. Waldruff

 

1828

John Waltrip

Kentucky

1835

Wm. Williams

Kentucky

1835

Rev. Stanley B. Walker

Kentucky

1830-32

Wils Waltrip

Crawford Co., Ill.

1830

Todd Waltrip

Crawford Co., Ill.

1830

Coley Wells

   

John Wilkerson

Indiana

1832

--. --. Woodson

   

Coleman Wright

   

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