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Fayette County Illinois Trails
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Welcome to Fayette County Illinois Trails History and Genealogy

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FAYETTE COUNTY, situated about 60 miles south of the geographical center of the State; was organized in 1821, and named for the French General La Fayette. It has an area of 720 square miles; population (1900), 28,065. The soil is fertile and a rich vein of bituminous coal underlies the county. Agriculture, fruit-growing and mining are the chief industries. The old, historic "Cumberland Road," the trail for all west-bound emigrants, .crossed the county at an early date. Perryville was the first county-seat, but this town is now extinct. Vandalia, the present seat of county government (population, 2,144), stands upon a succession of hills upon the west bank of the Kaskaskia. From 1820 to 1839 it was the State Capital. Besides Vandalia the chief towns are Ramsey, noted for its railroad ties and timber, and St. Elmo.

Farina - a town of Fayette County, on the Chicago Division of the Illinois Central Railroad, 29 miles northeast of Centralia. Agriculature and fruit-growing constitute the chief business of the section; the town has one newspaper. Population in 1890 was 618; In 1900, 693; 1903 (est.) 800

Fayette County
Population 2000: 21,802

County seat: Vandalia

Established: February 14, 1821
 

Origin of the name of the county:

Named in honor of the Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, the famous French General who fought for the colonies in the Revolutionary War.

Present area, or parts of it, formerly included in:


1816–1821
Crawford

1819–1821
Clark

1817–1821
Bond

1812–1817
Madison

1815–1816
Edwards

1790–1812
St. Clair

1790–1801
Knox, Northwest Territory


Avena -    Name changed from Howard on September 24, 1860.
Bear Grove - Formed as Johnson sometime in 1869; name changed to Bear Grove in June, 1869.
Bowling Green
Carson
  - Formed from Bowling Green (date unknown).
Kaskaskia
LaClede
Lone Grove - Formed from LaClede and Wilberton in September, 1876.
Loudon
North Hurricane - Formed from a split in Hurricane after 1921.
Otego - Name changed from Cumberland on September 24, 1860.
Pope - Formed from Kaskaskia in March, 1878.
Ramsey
Sefton
Seminary
Shafter
 - Formed from Sharon in December, 1920.
Sharon
South Hurricane
 - Formed from a split in Hurricane after 1921.
Vandalia
Wheatland
Wilberton
 - Name changed from Richland on September 24, 1860.
 


Fayette County Courthouse
221 South 7th Street
Vandalia, IL 62471 
 County Clerk (618) 283-5000
Circuit Clerk (618) 283-5009
Recorder (618) 283-5000


Online Data

Fayette County Soldiers
from the 97th Illinois Infantry - with a farewell address from Col. Victor Fivquain

THE 1850 MORTALITY SCHEDULE NEW!

Federal Census Excerpts

OBITUARIES


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