LEVI COMPTON

DELEGATE TO THE KASKASKIA CONVENTION
AND
SIGNER OF THE 1818 ILLINOIS STATE CONSTITUTION

donated by ©Meredith Dale (Compton) Gibson

©Illinois Trails History and Genealogy
http://www.iltrails.org/





Levi Compton, pioneer into Illinois in 1802. was born in Fairfax Co VA on 1 Feb 1766, son of John & Elizabeth (Hill) Compton.
His grtgrdfather, John Compton, came to America from England sometime before 1670, the year his son John was born.in Charles Co, MD. This son married Mary ? we know of the son John Compton, born 1726 who was to be father of Levi.
This John married Elizabeth Hill and settled in Fairfax Co, VA. He rendered patriot service during American Revolution. They had a daughter, Susannah, others mentioned but not proven.
He married Rosanna Phinnessee, daughter of Stephen & Nancy Phinnessee ca 1789. A son was born in 1791, John, and in 1792 they moved into Warren Col, Kentucky in 1792, same year Kentucky became a state. Yet still Indian country.
They lived in Kentucky for 10 years, during which five children were born: Elijah 1794, Mary 1796, Elizabeth 1797, James 1799 & Levi in 1802, Later that year they moved into what was known as Wabash Precinct. There he and Rosanna had three more children: Joseph (said to be first white child born in the county) in 1804, Eli 1806 & Samuel in 1807.
He settled on some land and decided later not what he wanted and then he moved onto property where he lived until died in 1844.
In 1804 - 1810 (time is debatable as some give 1804 & others 1810) he and others built a fort, named Compton's Fort, surrounded by a high palisade, capable of holding one hundred families.
In 1812 he helped others to bury dead from Indian Massacre.....still very much a dangerous place to live.
In 1814 he built what was possibly first horsemill in area. He was a representative man and interested in development of his chosen place to live.
The town of Palmyra was created 22 day of April 1815 by joint act of: Seth Gard, Peter Keen, Gervase Hazleton, Levi Compton and John Waggoner. Known as Seth Gard & Co.
In 1818, along with his close friend, Seth Gard, they were the delegates to First Constitutional Convention, both signers of the proposed constitution. He served in the State Senate from 1818-1820.
He served in Wabash County in various positions: he was the County Treasurer from 1815-1819, Served as a Judge, and was a County Commissioner 1825 & 1826.
Levi died in 1844, aged 78 years. He is buried in the Coffee Cemetery near Keensburg. He did not stand alone in service. Many of his friends served in similar capacities. All doing their best to make their county a good place to live.

Submitted by Meredith Dale (Compton) Gibson on 11 Sep 2001,
a 3rd grtgrddaughter of Levi and descended through his son Eli, grdson Varnel Green, grtgrdson Thomas Dale, 2nd ggdson Harry Dale Compton. I am very proud of my Compton ancestry.
calmeg47aol.com


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SETH GARD

DELEGATE TO THE KASKASKIA CONVENTION
AND
SIGNER OF THE 1818 ILLINOIS STATE CONSTITUTION

donated by ©Meredith Dale (Compton) Gibson

©Illinois Trails History and Genealogy
http://www.iltrails.org/





Seth Gard was born on 14th of March in 1775 in Morristown, Morris Co. New Jersey.
He was the son of Gershom & Phebe (Huntington) Gard. He is only child I know of, though I am pretty sure there were others. Gershom was born 2 Dec 1735 in Morristown, N.J. and served as a Minuteman during the American Rev. War. The men had to be prepared to assemble in a Minute once War declared they became part of regular army.
Gershom was son of Daniel Gard's 1st m- ca 1730 to (wife nk). Daniel born ca 1707 in Stonington, Ne London, CT. Daniel died on 14 Apr 1777 in Morris County, N.J.
Gershom had 9 siblings, 3 by 1st marriage and 6 by Daniel's 2nd marriage to Elizabeth Davis in 17 Apr 1837.
As a soldier of American Rev. War, Gershom received a grant of land near Cincinnati, OH. and in 1782 (Seth was 7yrs old) he moved his family to the grant in Ohio. During next 24 yrs. Seth was married on 29 July 1796 to Mary Brown Taggart in North Bend, Ohio. They had 10 children: Susan, Ruth, Amelia, Benj.Franklin, Resin, Justis, Anna, Phebe, & Hiram. In 1807 his father, Gershom died of smallpox & Seth settled his estate.
Seth served as a private in Captain John S. Wallace's Mounted Troops in Hamilton County (Ohio) Militia during the War of 1812.
Shortly after birth of Hiram,in 1814, he moved his family to Edwards County (now Wabash Co.) in the new Illinois Territory, where, on 3 Oct 1816 their last child, Joseph, was born in Wabash Co. IL
Seth Gard was a man of good character much respected by his neighbors and often sought out for his good counsel. He first settled in Wabash County in 1814 and was located at Palmyra. He later settled on land secured from the government in Lick Prairie precinct that later became known as Gard's Point.
He served as a judge of the early court, and was elected as a representative to both the territorial legislature and the constitutional convention. He was one of the charter members of the Barney's Prairie Christian Church and served as its first elder. He often preached, even until he was too feeble to stand and would preach from his chair.
Seth Gard settled in Section 28 of Lick Prairie precinct. The vicinity around his home was known as Gard's Point. There was an early post office there. His home was most likely the farmstead closest to Nye Chapel, located just to the south of it. (Nye Chapel being located on the corner of a T-road). Seth Gard donated the land where the church now stands for the building of any Christian denomination church and a burial ground". He himself was buried there in 1845. The church was not erected until many years later. Seth died on his farm on July 25, 1845 with his widow surviving him until about 1856.
In the rear of the farmstead there stood until 1991 a native sandstone root cellar believed to be from the home of Seth Gard. His nephew, Aaron Wagoner, was a stone mason. The house is long gone and another built on the site. A nearby barn was of the early vintage. In 1991 the site was leveled.

According to research by Susan Gard, the great-great-granddaughter of Seth,
the following is an account of his political career.
Nov. 28, 1814 - appointed justice of the peace for Edwards County, IL.
Jan 2, 1813 to Dec. 1820 - served in the Illinois Territorial House of Representatives. Illinois became a state during his term.
Dec 12, 1814 - appointed judge of Edwards Co.
January 11, 1816 - re-appointed as judge.
January 14, 1817 - resigned as judge.
1817-1818 - appointed commissioner to take subscriptions for the Little Wabash Navigation Co.
1818 - appointed commissioner to locate the seat of justice for Crawford Co. and Wayne Co., IL.
In 1818 he, along with Levi Compton, were delegates from Edward County to the State Constitutional Convention. Both were signers of the Constitution.
1820 - elected senator from Edwards Co.
1826-1832-1839 - elected as representative in Illinois House of Rep.
January 21, 1833 commissioned public administrator and again January 7, 1835.
1836 - Commissioned to sell stock in the Mt. Carmel Academy. It is noted in the History of Lawrence, Edwards and Wabash Co. that Seth Gard was active in political affairs until age and health prevented countinuing.
1819-appointed commissioner to sell stock in the State Bank of Palmyra.

Sources: Book at Wabash Co., Il, and info of Seth Gard's personal life before moving to Wabash Co. Il was submitted by Meredith Gibson on 12 Sep 2001

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