By Monica

©Illinois Trails History and Genealogy

1673.-Joliet and Marquette explore Illinois River from its mouth and reach Lake Michigan via Desplaines and Chicago, giving the name of Mt. Joliet to site of the present city of Joliet.
1674.-Missionary station at Chicago founded by Marquette.

1675.-Chicago was a designation applied indifferently by explorers to rivers, posts, routes and country adjacent to the southern portion of Lake Michigan; the name derived from "Chicago," the name of a chief of a tribe of Illinois Indians.

1675.-Marquette traverses Illinois River from its source to its mouth and founds, near present site of Utiea, a mission among the Kaskaskia Indians.

1680.-January. LaSalle erects Fort Creve Cocur near present site of Peoria, leaves a small garrison there and returns to Canada for supplies.

1680.-Later in the year LaSalle returns from Montreal with supplies for Fort Creve Cocur, finds that the garrison has disappeared, the fort destroyed, and adjacent Indian village destroyed by hostile Iroquois.

1682.-Fort St. Louis, on starved rock, near Utiea, erected by LaSalle and Tonti.

1686.-Rev. Claude Allouez, a companion of LaSalle, the first white man to make the Indian village of Kaskaskia his permanent residence.

1686.-Reynolds dates the settlement of Kaskaskia, Cahokia and Peoria from this year.

1687.-Death of LaSalle; assassinated by his mutinous followers.

1690.-The Jesuit mission founded by Marquette in 1675, removed to the mouth of the Kaskaskia river to escape attacks of Iroquois tribe.

1699.-French mission established at Cahokia, probably the earliest permanent settlement in Illinois.

1711.-Missionary station established by the French on Ohio River where Fort Massac was afterward erected.

1711.-The Illinois country, by decree of the Royal council, was made a part of the Louisiana territory.

1720.-Fort Charles, six miles above Prairie du Rocher, built by French to defend themselves against Spaniards. Rebuilt in 1756.

1721.-Monastery and college erected at Kaskaskia by Jesuit missionaries.

1722.-African slaves first introduced into Illinois country by Renault.

1825.-Kaskaskia becomes an incorporated village, receiving its charter from Louis XV. King of France.

1744.-Renault sells his African slaves to colonist of Kaskaskia.

1758.-Fort Massac erected by French on Ohio river in what is now Massac county.

1763.-Illinois country ceded to English by French.

1765.-Captain Stirling, of the British army, arrived at Fort Chartres and took formal possession of the Illinois country for Great Britain under treaty of 1763.

1765.-Pontiac, the great Indian warrior, was assassinated at Cahokia, by a Peoria Indian in the employ of the British authorities.

1768.-Col. Wilkin takes command at Fort Chartres, establishes a form of civil government, and appoints seven magistrates to administer the laws.

1768.-First civil court sits at Fort Chartres.

1772.-Fort Chartres greatly damaged by overflow of the Mississippi and abandoned.

1772.-Kaskaskia became capitol of Illinois country.

1778.-Colonel George Rogers Clark, with 150 men acting under authority of Virginia, descended Ohio river to near Fort Massac and July 4 seized town of Kaskaskia.

1778.-First house built in La Ville de Maillet, afterwards known as Fort Clark and now the city of Peoria.

1778.-Dec. 12. By an act of the Virginia legislature the "County of Illinois" was established. A regiment of infantry and troop of cavalry voted for its protection and Col. George Rogers Clark placed in command.

1779.-June 15. Col. John Todd appointed military commandant in Illinois, arrives at Kaskaskia, and proclaims a temporary government.

1783.-First American school in Illinois taught by John Seely in what is now Monroe county.

1783.-Sept. 3. Cession by Great Britain included Illinois country.

1784.-March 1. Cession by Virginia to general government included part of Illinois country south of 41st parallel.

1785.-April 19. Cession by Massachusetts to general government included part of Illinois country between 42 degrees 2 minutes and 43 degrees 30 minutes.

1786.-Sept. 14. Cessions by Connecticut to general government included part of Illinois country between 41 degrees 2 minutes.

1787.-July 13. Formation of Territory Northwest of Ohio river which included Illinois country.

1790.-Name of Illinois county changed to St. Clair.

1790.-First lawyer in Illinois country, John Rice Jones, at Kaskaskia.

1790.-Feb. General St. Clair, governor of the Northwest Territory, visits Kaskaskia.

1791.-Congress makes grant of 400 acres of land to every head of a family who had improved a farm in Illinois prior to 1788.

1792.-Building of first brick house west of Pittsburg at Kaskaskia, where it still stands.

1795.-Randolph county created, thus dividing the former county of Illinois into two counties, St. Clair and Randolph.

1800.-May 7.-Formantion of Indiana Territory, which included Illinois country.

1804.-Treaty made at St. Louis by General Harrison with the chiefs of the Sac and Fox nations of Indians.

1804.-United States land office first established at Kaskaskia.

1804.-United States Indian agency established at Chicago.

1804.-July 4. Erection of Fort Dearborn (Chicago) by the United States troops under Capt. John Whistler.

1806.-June 3. Organization of the first lodge in the Illinois country. A. F. & A. M., at Kaskaskia.

1809.-Feb 3. Illinois Territory formed by act of Congress, to take effect March 1.

1809.-March 7. Nathaniel Pope commissioned first secretary of state of Illinois country.

1809.-April 24. Ninian Edwards commissioned first governor of Illinois territory.

1809.-April 28. By proclamation the territory of Illinois was divided into the two counties of St. Clair and Randolph, as they existed under the government of Indiana territory.

1809.-June 13. The governor and judges, the law making power of the territory, sat for the first time at Kaskaskia.

1810.-United States mail route established from St. Louis to Vincennes via Cahokia, Prairie du Rocher and Kaskaskia.

1811.-First steamboat to navigate the Ohio river, the "New Orleans." launched at Pittsburg, Pa.

1811.-First school house in territory erected in Shiloh, St. Clair county.

1811.-Dec. 11. Earthquake visited southern Illinois-probably the severest ever experienced in the State.

1812.-Fort Russell established near present site of Edwardsville.

1812.-French village near present site of Peoria burned by detachment of troops from Shawneetown, under Capt. Craig, and inhabitants suspected of conspiring with hostile Indians removed to Alton and other settlements further south.

1812.-May 21. Illinois raised to second grade of territorial government.

1812.-Aug. 15. Garrison at Fort Dearborn under Captain Heald evacuated and laid down arms to be massacred by Indians.

1812.-Sept. 14. Establishment by proclamation of three additional counties, Madison, Gallatin, and Johnson.

1812.-Oct. 9, 10, and 12. First election for members of territorial legislature consisting of legislative council and house of representatives.

1812.-Nov. 25. First session of territorial legislature at Kaskaskia.

1812.-Dec. 3. First delegate to Congress from Illinois territory, Shadrach Bond, took his seat.

1813.-Fort Clark (now Peoria) named in honor of General George Rogers Clark.

1814.-First printing in Illinois done by Matthew Duncan of the "Herald," at Kaskaskia.

1814.-"Illinois Sun" published at Kaskaskia.

1816.-Fort Dearborn rebuilt near present crossing of Michigan avenue and Water street, Chicago.

1816.-First regular school in Chicago opened by Wm. L. Cox in a log cabin near the present crossing of Michigan and Pine streets.

1816.-H. H. Maxwell commissioned first auditor of public accounts for Illinois territory.

1816.-Act establishing first bank at Shawneetown.

1817.-Aug. 2. First steamboat, "General Pike," ascended the Mississippi river above Cairo.

1818.-The "Illinois Emigrate" established at Shawneetown, Henry Eddy,

1818.-Death of General George Rogers Clark, who wrested the Illinois country from the British in 1778.

1818.-April 18. Act of Congress enabling the Illinois territory to become a state.

1818.-Aug. 26. Adoption of first State Constitution, in convention, it never being submitted to a vote of the people for ratification.

1818.-Sept. 17. First election for State officers.

1818.-Oct. 5. First General Assembly of the State of Illinois convened at Kaskaskia. The representation, as provided by the Constitution, was Senate 14, House 29.

1818.-Oct. 6. Shadrach Bond inaugurated first governor, Pierre Menard first lieutenant governor, and Elias Kent Kane qualified as secretary of state.

1818.-Dec.--. Daniel Pope Cook, first representative to congress from the State. Until the year 1832 the State constituted one congressional district.

1818.-Dec. 3. Illinois formally admitted as a State, by resolution of Congress, with her present area from the Illinois territory.

1819.-The "Spectator" established at Edwardsville, Hooper Warren, editor.

1819.-John Kelly and family first settlers at present site of Springfield.

1819.-March 5. Daniel Pope Cook commissioned first attorney general of State, but immediately resigned. William Mears qualified Dec. 14.

1819.-March 22. The State Bank of Illinois incorporated.

1819.-April 6. Elijah C. Berry commissioned first auditor of public accounts, and John Thomas first State treasurer.

1820.-Seat of Government changed to Vandalia by an act of the General Assembly.

1820.-First and only duel in Illinois fought in Belleville between Alphonso Stewart and William Bennett, in which Stewart was killed. Bennett was tried for Stewart's murder, convicted and hanged.

1821.-Removal of State capitol to Vandalia.

1822.-Grand Lodge A. F. & A. M. first organized at Vandalia with Shadrach Bond first Grand Master.

1823.-Postoffice first established at Springfield, Elijah Iles postmaster.

1823.-Dec. 9. First State house destroyed by fire at Vandalia.

1824.-New brick State house erected at a cost of $12,381.50.

1824.-Aug. 2.-Verdict of people in the struggle to make Illinois a Slave state. Call for convention to amend Constitution defeated by vote of 6,640 to 4,972.

1824.-Nov. 15. Special session of legislature convened, adjourning January18, 1825, having passed laws relating to presidential electors and canvassed election returns.

1825.-General LaFayette visits Illinois. Legislature defrays expenses amounting to $6,473, or one-third of the tax receipts for that year.

1825.-First school law enacted. It embodied many of the provisions of the common school law of the present day, repealed 1829.

1825.-Jan. 19. Illinois and Michigan Canal Association incorporated by act of Legislature.

1826.-First steamboat began to ply upon the Illinois river.

1826.-Memorial to Congress asking for a donation of lands in aid of the construction of the Illinois and Michigan canal.

1826.-Jan. 12. Apportionment made giving Senate 18 and House 36 members.

1827.-Congress makes land grant of 224,322 acres to the State in aid of Illinois and Michigan canal.

1827.-Winnebago Indian war near Galena.

1827.-Building of first State institution, penitentiary at Alton, a stone structure of twenty-four cells.

1827.-Founding of the first theological seminary and high school at Rock Springs, afterwards removed to Upper Alton and reorganized into what is now known as Shurtleff College.

1827.-Oct. 16. Death of Daniel P. Cook, the first representative in Congress from the State, 1818-1827.

1830.-Abraham Lincoln, with his father's family, comes to Illinois from Indianan and "settles" on a farm in Macon county.

1830.-Aug. 4. Town of Chicago surveyed and plat filed by James Thompson, surveyor, covering that part of the present city bounded by Madison, Des Plaines, Kinzie, and State streets. Population about 50.

1830-31.-The "winter of the deep snow."

1831.-Band of outlaws in Pope and Massac counties fortified themselves and defined local and State authorities. Militia called to restore order.

1831.-Treaty of peace formed with Black Hawk by General Gaines at Fort Armstrong, now Rock Island.

1831.-Feb. 7. Apportionment made giving Senate 26 and House 55 members.

1831.-Feb. 13. Act approved dividing State into three congressional districts. First election under this act held first Monday in August, 1832.

1831.-March 31.-Postoffice first established at Chicago near present crossing of Lake and South Water streets, Jonathan Bailey postmaster.

1832.-April 12.-Death of Shadrach Bond, first governor of Illinois.

1832.-May 14. Battle of Sycamore creek. Black Hawk defeating Major Stillman.

1832.-May 20. Massacre at Indian creek by Indians.

1832.-June 15.-Battle of East Pichetonka creek. Black Hawk defeats Captain Stevenson.

1832.-June 16. Battle of Kellogg's Grove. Captain Snyder defeating Indians.

1832.-June 18. Battle near Galena. General Dodge defeating Indians.

1832.-June 24. Battle of Buffalo Grove. Indians defeated.

1832.-August 2. Battle of Bad Axe. General Atkinson defeated Black Hawk, terminating Black Hawk war.

1833.-July 20. Death of Ninian Edwards, first Territorial governor and third governor of the State.

1833.-Aug. 10. Chicago incorporated as a town with a population of about 150. John V. Owen elected president of first town council.

1833.-Nov. 6. First issue of the "Democrat," the first newspaper published in Chicago, John Calhoun, editor.

1834.-The first public school in the State taught by Granville Temple Sproat at Chicago.

1834.-Dec. 1. Abraham Lincoln takes his seat as a member of the General Assembly for the first time.

1835.-Court house, one-story brick, erected in Chicago, southwest corner Clark and Randolph streets.

1835.-First school house erected in Chicago by John Wright on Clark street near Lake.

1835.-Founding of Monticello Seminary at Godfrey, Madison county, oldest institution in the State for the higher education of females.

1835.-Dec. 7. Special session of legislature met; enacted laws relating to canal loans and State banks, and made a new congressional appointment; adjourned January 18, 1836.

1835.-Dec. 12. Death of Elias Kent Kaue, United States Senator 1825-1831.

1835-36.-Ebenezer Peck, at Vandalia, advocates political conventions and the system won its way slowly from this tune.

1836.-Abraham Lincoln admitted to practice at Illinois bar.

1836.-Jan. 14. Apportionment ratio for Senator fixed at 7,000 and for Representative 3,000, giving Senate 40 and House 91 members.

1836.-Summer. Second State House torn down and new one erected at Vandalia, cost $16,000, which is now occupied as a court house for Fayette county.

1836.-Sept. 8 First number of Alton "Observer" issued by Elijah P. Lovejoy.

1837.-Feb. 28. Bill passed making Springfield the seat of State government. The bill was under the charge of the "long nine" headed by Abraham Lincoln.

1837.-March 4. Chicago chartered as a city. William B. Ogden elected first mayor May 2.

1837.-May 9. First rail laid on Northern Cross railroad at Meredosia.

1837.-July 4. Corner stone of the fourth State House (present court house of Sangamon county) laid at Springfield with imposing ceremonies. Cost $240,000.

1837.-July 10-22. Extra session enacted laws relating to financial affairs of the State.

1837.-Oct. 27. An abolition society secretly formed at Upper Alton, believed to be the first in Illinois.

1837.-Nov. 7. Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy, editor Alton "Observer," murdered by pro-slavery mob at Alton.

1837.-Dec. 4. First Democratic State convention held at Vandalia, nominating candidates for State officers.

1838.-Grand Lodge I.O.O.F. first organized in Illinois. Reorganized 1842.

1838.-First shipment of grain, 100 bushels of wheat, from Chicago to he Atlantic seaboard.

1838.-Oct. 3. Death of Black Hawk, famous Indian warrior.

1838.-Nov. 8. The first stem locomotive to run in Illinois, the "Rogers," on the Northern Cross Railroad, the road out of which the Wabash system grew.

1839.-Completion of the first line of railroad in Illinois, the Northern Cross, from Jacksonville to Meredosia, which was built by the State.

1839.-Earliest reports on geological investigations in Illinois published in "American Journal of Science and Arts," Volume XXXIV.

1839.-Mormon society numbering 15,000 come in a body from Missouri, founding the city of Nauvoo, Hancock county.

1839.-Feb. 23.-Act creating the asylum for the education of deaf and dumb at Jacksonville. Completed in 1846: rebuilt in 1871.

1839.-April 9. First issue of the "Daily American," the first daily paper published in Chicago.

1839.-July 4. Capital removed to Springfield from Vandalia.

1839.-Oct. 7. First Whig State convention held at Springfield.

1839.-Dec. 9. Eleventh General Assembly convened at Springfield in special session-the first session of the legislature held at present seat of government.

1840.-Numerous and powerful bands associated together for purpose of horse stealing and counterfeiting in counties of Ogle, Winnebago, Lee and DeKalb.

1840.-April 4. First number of Chicago "Weekly Tribune" issued.

1840.-Nov. 23-March 1. Special session acting upon questions relating to financial affairs of State.

1842.-Knox College, chartered in 1837, opens at Galesburg.

1841.-Feb. 26. Ratio for Senator fixed at 12,000 and for Representative 4,000, giving Senate 41 and House 121 members.

1842.-Aug. 1. Proposition for a constitutional convention defeated by the narrow majority of 1,039.

1843.-Act of legislature puts State Bank of Illinois into liquidation.

1843.-March 1. Act approved dividing State into seven congressional districts. First election under this act first Monday in August, 1843.

1844.-Jan. 15. Death of Joseph Duncan, sixth governor of the State.

1844.-May 20. First issue of the "Gem of the Prairie" at Chicago (afterward merged into the Chicago "Tribune"), K. K. Jones and James S. Beach editors.

1844.-June 14. Death of Pierre Menard, first lieutenant governor of the State.

1844.-June 27. Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum, leaders of the Mormons in their uprisings against the laws of the State, killed by mob while in jail at Carthage awaiting trial.

1845.-Feb. 26. Secretary of State made ex-officio superintendent of schools.

1845.-May 20. Apollo Commandery No. 1, first Knights Templar organization in Illinois or any adjoining state, formed at Chicago.

1845.-Jacksonville Female Academy, established in 1830, received a charter.

1846.-Illinois Institute for Deaf and Dumb opened at Jacksonville.

1846.-Abraham Lincoln elected to the Thirtieth Congress.

1846.-February. Emigration of Mormons to Utah.

1846.-March 26. Death of William L. D. Ewing, fifth Governor and United States Senator, 1835-37.

1846.-April 19. Election of delegates to second constitutional convention.

1846.-July 17-22. Illinois troops leave Alton for Mexico.

1847.-Illinois Female College, Jacksonville, granted a charter.

1847.-Work begun on first railroad to enter Chicago, the Galena & Chicago Union, chartered in 1836.

1847.-Feb. 25. Ratio of apportionment made 19,000 for senator and 6,500 for representative, giving Senate 34 and House 100 members. Before election under this law the Constitution of 1848 was adopted and apportionment made thereby took effect.

1847.-June 7. Second constitutional convention convened at Springfield.

1848.-The Constitution of this year apportioned the State into 25 senatorial and 54 representative districts, giving Senate 25 and House 75 members.

1848.-Northern boundary line established by Congress.

1848.-Jan. 15. First telegram received at Chicago, a message from Milwaukee.

1848.-March 6. Ratification by the people of the second constitution.

1848.-April 6. Telegraphic connection established between Chicago and cities of the Atlantic coast.

1848.-April 10. The first boat, "General Fry," passed from Lockport to Chicago through the Illinois and Michigan Canal.

1848.-April 23. The first boat, "General Thornton," passed through the entire length of Illinois and Michigan Canal.

1849.-Jan. 13. Establishment of Institution for Blind at Jacksonville. Building completed in 1854.

1849.-March 1. Establishment of Central Illinois Insane Asylum at Jacksonville. Completed Nov. 3, 1851.

1849.-Oct. 22-Nov. 7. Special session electing a United States Senator and revising laws in the matters of revenue and vacancies in office.

1850.-Jefferson Davis challenges Col. W. H. Bissell (then Representative in Congress, afterward Governor of Illinois)
to a duel. Challenge accepted but duel prevented by intervention of friends.

1850.-Jan. 23. Death of Nathaniel Pope, territorial secretary and delegate to Congress.

1850.-Sept. 4. Chicago first lighted with gas.

1850.-Nov. 3. Death of Thomas Ford, eighth Governor and author of a history of Illinois.

1851.-Feb. 1. Completion of Bloody Island dike. Built within jurisdiction of Illinois by city of St. Louis.

1851.-Feb. 10. Charter issued to Illinois Central Railroad Company.

1851.-Feb. 17. Joseph G. Norwood appointed first State Geologist and first geological survey of State provided for.

1852.-Feb. 14. Death of Thomas Carlin, seventh Governor of the State.

1852.-June 7-23. Special session of legislature enacted laws touching matters relating to swamp, seminary, and canal lands and Bank of Illinois.

1852.-Aug. 22. Act approved dividing State into nine congressional districts. First election under this act held in November, 1852.

1853.-Illinois Wesleyan University chartered and opened at Bloominton.

1853.-Mt. Carroll Seminary, chartered in 1852, opens.

1853.-Jan. 1. State debt reached highest point, amounting to $16,724,177.

1853.-Feb. 8. Act incorporating Illinois State Agricultural Society.

1853.-Feb. 12. Act providing for erection of executive mansion.

1853.-Oct. 1-4. First State Fair held at Springfield.

1854.-Feb. 2-March 4. Special session created office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, and enacted laws relating to State roads, railroads, and township organization.

1854.-Feb. 27. Act apportioned representation in General Assembly at 25 Senators and 75 Representatives, dividing State into 25 senatorial and 58 representative districts.

1854.-March 24. Ninian W. Edwards commissioned first Superintendent of Public Instruction.

1855.-Eureka College, opened in 1849, receives a charter.

1855.-Abraham Lincoln elected a member of the House of Representatives, but declined to receive credentials.

1856.-Chicago Historical Society organized. Incorporated in 1857.

1856.-May 29. State convention held in Bloomington; the origin of the Republican party in Illinois.

1856.-Sept. 27. Completion of Illinois Central Railroad from Cairo to East Dubuque.

1857.-Monmouth College, opened in 1856, receives charter.

1857.-Building of Illinois State Penitentiary at Joliet; completed in 1867, at a cost of $1,075,000.

1857.-Feb. 11. Organization of Illinois State Horticultural Society.

1857.-Feb. 18. Establishment of State Normal University at Normal.

1857.-Feb. 18. Act creating the State Board of Education.

1858.-Spring. First republican convention held at Cairo to appoint delegates to State convention at Springfield which nominated Abraham Lincoln for United States Senator in opposition to Douglas.

1858.-July 24. Lincoln challenged Douglas to a joint discussion; he accepted and the debates opened at Ottawa on the 21st of August and closed at Alton the 15th of October.

1859.-April 25. Street cars (State Street line) first operated in Chicago.

1860.-March 15. William H. Bissell, twelfth governor, died in office.

1860.-May --. U. S. Grant becomes a citizen of Illinois, taking up his residence at Galena.

1860.-May 16. Republican National convention held at Chicago nominated Abraham Lincoln and Hannival Hamlin, May 19.

1860.-Nov. 6. Abraham Lincoln elected President of the United States. His plurality in Illinois was 11,966.

1861.-Great Embezzlement Report. Funding of canal scrip and new issue of bonds to amount of $224,182.

1861.-Jan. 31. Act fixed representation in General Assembly at 25 Senators and 85 Representatives, and divided State into 25 Senatorial districts and 61 Representative districts.

1861.-Feb. 11. Lincoln leaves Springfield for Washington.

1861.-March 4. Lincoln inaugurated sixteenth President.

1861.-April. U. S. Grant first assigned to military duty by Governor Yates.

1861.-April 15. Governor Yates, in response to President's proclamation, calls for volunteers.

1861.-April 23-May 3. Special session created war fund in aid of the Union and revised laws concerning State Militia.

1861.-April 24. Approval of act dividing State into thirteen congressional districts. The State was entitled to fourteen members and error was corrected by electing one member-at-large. First election in November, 1862.

1861.-April 26. Twenty-one thousand stand of arms seized at St. Louis arsenal by Captain Stokes, U. S. A., and transferred to Springfield.

1861.-April and May. The six regiments apportioned to Illinois under first call for volunteers sent to Cairo.

1861.-May 24. U. S. Grant tenders his services to Adjutant General of United States, receiving no reply to his offer.

1861.-June 3. Death of Stephen A. Douglas, United States Senator, 1847-61.

1861.-June 15. U. S. Grant commissioned colonel 21st Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry.

1861.-Aug. 7. U. S. Grant commissioned Brigadier General of Volunteers.

1861.-Sept. 4. U. S. Grant takes command of troops at Cairo.

1861.-Oct. 21. Death of E. D. Baker, member of Congress, 1846-49. Killed in battle at Ball's Bluff, Virginia.

1861.-Nov. 11. Allen C. Fuller, first commissioned Adjutant General.

1862.-Jan. 7. Third constitutional convention met at Springfield, drafting a constitution which was rejected by the people.

1862.-Feb. 16. U. S. Grant commissioned Major General of Volunteers.

1863.-Congress established at Rock Island the chief arsenal of the Mississippi valley.

1863.-June 10. Governor Yates prorogued the General Assembly, the first and only time the Governor of the State has exercised this prerogative conferred upon him by the constitution.

1863.-June 17. Mass convention of 40,000 at Springfield in pursuance of a call issued by Democratic State Central Committee for a meeting of those opposed to the national administration.

1863.-July 4. U. S. Grant commissioned Major General, Regular Army.

1863.-Sept. 3. Union mass meeting held at Springfield, a demonstration full of encouragement to the soldiers and cause of the Union.

1864.-March 2. U. S. Grant commissioned Lieutenant General.

1864.-March 17. Chicago water works tunnel, reaching out two miles into Lake Michigan, begun.

1864.-March 22. Riot at Charleston, Coles county, in which seven persons are killed in collision between citizens and veterans of 54th Illinois Volunteers.

1864.-March 25. Death of Owen Lovejoy, member of Congress from Illinois, 1857-64.

1864.-Aug. 29. Democratic National convention at Chicago nominated Geo. B. McClellan and Geo. II. Pendleton.

1864.-Sept. 4. Death of Augustus C. French, seventh governor of the State.

1864.-November. Plot to liberate confederate prisoners from Camp Douglas, Chicago, discovered and leaders arrested.

1864.-Nov. 8. Lincoln's election to the Presidency for second term.

1865.-Opening of the Union Stock Yards in Chicago, the largest in the world.

1865.-The first steel rails made in America were rolled at the North Chicago Rolling Mills by the Illinois Steel Company.

1865.-Adjutant General's office became an organized department of the State government.

1865.-Establishment of Asylum for Feeble Minded Children at Jacksonville; removed to Lincoln in 1875.

1865.-Establishment of Soldiers' Orphans' Home at Normal. Completed in 1869.

1865.-Feb. 1. Illinois the first State to act in ratifying the XIII Amendment to the Constitution of the United States abolishing slavery.

1865.-March 4. Lincoln inaugurated for second term.

1865.-April 14. Abraham Lincoln assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's theater, Washington, D. C.

1865.-May 5. Burial of Abraham Lincoln at Springfield.

1865.-May 8. Death of John Reynolds, fourth governor of the State.

1865-6.-Winter. Grand Army of Republic organization first effected at Springfield by B. F. Stephenson. Surgeon 14th Illinois Volunteer Infantry.

1866.-Jan. 25. U. S. Grant commissioned General of all the armies of the United States.

1866.-April 6. First post, G. A. R., regularly mustered in at Decatur.

1866.-Sept. 1. O. H. Browning appointed Secretary of the Interior.

1866.-Dec. 6. Completion of lake tunnel for Chicago water works begun in 1864. Water first let in March 25, 1867.

1867.-Erection of bridge across Mississippi river connecting East St. Louis with St. Louis, Mo., commenced. James B. Eads, designer and builder.

1867.-Pullman's Palace Car Company incorporated.

1867.-Establishment of Illinois State Reformatory at Pontiac; opened in 1871.

1867.-Feb. 25. Act passes providing for the erection of the fifth or present State House.

1867.-Feb. 28. Establishment of Illinois Industrial University at Urbana; name changed to University of Illinois in 1885.

1867.-March 8. Act establishing State Board of Equalization.

1867.-March 9. Act creating the office of State Entomologist.

1867.-May 20. Republican National convention met at Chicago, nominating U. S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax.

1867.-June 11. D. B. Walsh commissioned first State Entomologist.

1867.-June 11-13. Special session provided for taxing banks and banking associations.

1867.-June 14-28. Special session providing for management of State Penitentiary and enacted laws in the matter of larceny.

1867.-Aug. 12. U. S. Grant appointed Secretary of War ad interim.

1868.-June 11. First stone of fifth State House placed in position. Corner stone laid October 5th, Hon. J. D. Caton delivering address.

1868.-July 7. Death of Edward Coles, second governor of the State.

1868.-Nov. 3. U. S. Grant elected eighteenth President.

1868.-Nov. 3. Vote on proposition to call convention to form new constitution carried by a majority of 86,439.

1868.-Nov. 6. Death of Walter Loomis Newberry, founder of the Newberry Library at Chicago.

1869.-First lodge of Knights of Pythias organized in Illinois.

1869.-Jan. 1. Washington Street tunnel under Chicago river formally opened for traffic. The first river tunnel constructed in the United States.

1869.-Feb. 8. Act creating Board of Lincoln Park Commissioners.

1869.-Feb. 27. Act creating Board of West Park Commissioners.

1869.-March 4. U. S. Grant inaugurated eighteenth President.

1869.-March 5. E. B. Washburn appointed Secretary of State of the United States. Resigned within a week and was appointed Minister to France.

1869.-March 5. Fifteenth amendment to Constitution of the United States ratified by the General Assembly.

1869.-March 9. Act creating Southern Illinois Normal University at Carbondale.

1869.-March 11. John A. Rawlins appointed Secretary of War. Died September 6th.

1869.-April 9. Establishment of State Board of Charities.

1869.-April 10. Establishment of Southern Illinois Hospital for Insane at Anna; completed in 1875.

1869.-April 10. Establishment of Northern Illinois Hospital for Insane at Elgin; completed in 1872.

1869.-Dec. 13. Fourth Constitutional Convention met at Springfield.

1870.-May 13. Third State Constitution adopted in convention. Ratified by people July 2nd and in force August 8th. Under the Constitution for this year the representation for 1871 consisted of 50 Senators and 177 Representatives and the State was divided into 25 Senatorial and 97 Representative districts. The minority representation section having been adopted, the Constitution provided that the State should be apportioned every ten years, beginning with 1871, into 51 Senatorial districts, each district being entitled to one Senator and three Representatives.

1871.-The Chicago Eye and Ear Infirmary, founded as a private charity in 1858, adopted as a State institution. It was burned in the fire of 1871 and a new building erected in 1873-4.

1871.-April 13. Act creating Board of Railroad and Warehouse Commissioners.

1871.-May--. Remains of Abraham Lincoln transferred from temporary tomb to crypt of monument at Oak Ridge Park.

1871.-July 1. LaSalle street tunnel under Chicago River formally opened for traffic.

1871.-Oct. 9-10. Chicago, with a population of 334,270, laid in ashes; 3 ½ square miles laid waste, 17,450 building destroyed, 200 persons killed and 98,500 made homeless. Rebuilt on a grander scale within a year.

1872.-March 1. Act approved dividing State into 51 Senatorial districts, each district being entitled to one Senator and three Representatives, as provided by the State Constitution.

1872.-March 22. Act passed declaring no person should be debarred from any occupation, profession or employment an account of sex.

1872.-July 1. Act dividing the State into nineteen Congressional districts. First election held in November, 1872.

1872.-Sept. 25. Death of Peter Cartwright, a pioneer Methodist preacher of Illinois.

1872.-Nov. 5. U. S. Grant elected to presidency for second term.

1873.-Passage of act allowing women to hold any office under school law.

1873.-Jan. 31. Death of Joel A. Matteson, 11th Governor of the State.

1873.-March 4. U. S. Grant inaugurated President for second term.

1873.-Nov. 27. Death of Richard Yates, 14th Governor and U. S. Senator 1865-71.

1874.-Southern Illinois Normal University opened at Carbondale.

1874.-March 27. Act creating State Board of Canal Commissioners.

1874.-July 4. St. Louis bridge, begun in 1867, completed at cost of $10,000,000.

1874.-July 14. Second great fire in Chicago: loss, $4,000,000.

1874.-Oct. 15. Dedication of Lincoln monument in Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield.

1875.-Act passed rendering women eligible to office of notary public.

1875.-October. Asylum for Feeble-Minded Children moved to Lincoln.

1875.-Jan. 1. State officers vacate old State House and move into new building, which was completed in 1886 at a cost of $4,260,000.

1877.-Jan. 25. End of Logan-Palmer contest for United States Senator, David Davis being duly elected Senator on the 40th ballot.

1877.-May 25. Act creating State Board of Health.

1877.-May 25. Act authorizing appointment of State agents to enforce the law in relation to cruelty to animals.

1877.-May 25. Act creating the Eastern Illinois Hospital for the Insane at Kankakee; completed December, 1879.

1877.-May 29. Act creating State Court of Claims.

1877.-June 22. Act creating appellate courts.

1877.-July 25. Beginning of great railroad strike at Chicago.

1878.-March 31. Completion of Southern Illinois Penitentiary at Chester at a cost of $594,424.

1878.-June 21. Communist riot at Chicago. Police kill seven and wound nine.

1878.-June 28. Death of Sidney Breese, judge of Supreme Court and U. S. Senator 1843-49, to whom is given the credit for projecting the Illinois Central Railroad.

1878.-Nov. 29. Adoption of amendment to State Constitution concerning drainage districts, article IV, section 31.

1879.-Act creating State Bureau of Labor Statistics.

1879.-Act creating State Board of Fish Commissioners.

1879.-May 28. New Military Code organizing I. N. G. providing for enrollment of entire male population of the State of military age, and for arming and equipping 8,000 men.

1879.-June 1. Death of James Shields, U. S. Senator from Illinois 1849-55, and afterwards U. S. Senator from the states of Minnesota and Missouri.

1880.-Founding of Pullman, 12 miles south of Chicago, an ideal industrial city unapproached by any city of its size in America.

1880.-June. Greenback National Convention met at Chicago nominating James B. Weaver and P. J. Chambers.

1880.-June 2. Republican National Convention met at Chicago nominating James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur.

1880.-June 4. Death of John Wood, 13th Governor of the State.

1880.-Nov. 22. Amendment to section 8, article X of the State Constitution.

1881.-Aurora, Kane county, first city in the world to light its streets with electricity.

1881.-Jan. 7. Last dollar of State debt paid.

1881.-May 27. Monument to memory of Shadrach Bond, first Governor of the State, erected at Chester, Randolph county.

1881.-May 30. Act creating State Board of Pharmacy.

1881.-May 30. Act creating Board of Dental Examiners.

1881.-Aug. 10. Death of O. H. Browning, U. S. Senator 1861-63.

1882.-March 23-May 6. Special session made Congressional and Senatorial apportionments and provided for the transfer of Illinois and Michigan Canal to the United States, which was not accepted.

1882.-April 29. Act approved apportioning State into 20 Congressional districts. First election held under this act in November, 1882.

1882.-May 6. Act approved dividing State into 51 Senatorial districts, as provided by the Constitution.

1883.-Diamond Coal Mince accident at Braidwood, Will County; 74 lives lost.

1883.-March 5. Incorporation of Illinois Dairymen's Association.

1883.-June 18. Act creating State Mining Board.

1883.-June 18. Act creating State Inspectors of Mines.

1884.-Jan. 2. Belleville convent burned, 26 lives lost.

1884.-May 13. Death of Cyrus H. McCormick, reaper manufacturer, Chicago.

1884.-June 3. Republican National Convention at Chicago nominated James G. Blaine and John A. Logan.

1884.-July 10. Democratic National Convention at Chicago nominated Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks.

1884.-Oct. 27. Death of Wilber F. Storey, prominent Chicago journalist.

1884.-Nov. 28. Amendment to State Constitution concerning veto power of governor, Section 16 of Article V.

1885.-Feb. 11. Beginning of Logan-Morrison contest for United States Senator which ended in the election of John A. Logan on May 18th.

1885.-Feb. 17. Death of Pinkney H. Walker, Judge Illinois Supreme Court.

1885.-June 19. Illinois Industrial University name changed to University of Illinois by an act of the Legislature.

1885.-June 26. Act establishing the Soldier's and Sailors' Home at Quincy; opened in 1887.

1885.-June 27. Act creating office of State Veterinarian.

1885.-June 27. Act authorizing appointment of Game Wardens.

1885.-July 23. Death of General U. S. Grant.

1885.-Sept. 12. Death of Emory A. Storrs, eminent jurist and orator of Illinois.

1886.-Jan. 9. Death of Hiram Hilliard, Adjutant General of Illinois 1875-81.

1886.-Jan. 18. Burning of insane asylum and 17 patients, at Kankakee.

1886.-March 1. Labor troubles at McCormick's Reaper Company's works.

1886.-March 12. Daring express robbery between Joliet and Morris on Chicago's Rock Island & Pacific railroad. Messenger killed and $25,000 taken.

1886.-April. Railroad strike at East St. Louis.

1886.-May 4. Haymarket riot at Chicago. Policemen to the number of 180 attacked by anarchists and lost 7 killed and 60 wounded.

1886.-May 13. Unveiling of Schiller statue, Lincoln Park, Chicago.

1886.-May 17. Death of John Deere, prominent manufacturer, Moline.

1886.-June 20. Death of David Davis, Judge Supreme Court of the United States, United States Senator 1877-83.

1886.-Nov. 7. Strike of meat packers in Chicago. Two regiments called out. Troops withdrawn on the 15th.

1886.-Nov. 20. Amendment to State Constitution providing the labor of convicts shall not be let out on contract.

1886.-Dec. 26. Death of John A. Logan, United States Senator, 1871-77 and 1879-86.

1887.-Act creating State Board of Live Stock Commissioners.

1887.-Erection of Auditorium building at Chicago, the largest and most sumptuous theatre building in the world.

1887.-Feb. 25. Death of Jesse W. Fell, prominent politician of Bloomington.

1887.-May 23. Act creating Industrial Home for blind at Chicago.

1887.-Aug. 10. Chatsworth railroad disaster; 150 persons killed and injured.

1887.-Oct. 21. Unveiling of Lincoln statue, Lincoln Park, Chicago.

1887.-Oct. 22. Death of Elihu B. Washburn; elected to congress for nine consecutive terms; minister of France during period of the Franco-Prussian war.

1888.-Government began construction of Fort Sheridan, north of Chicago.

1888.-Libby Prison taken down and carried to Chicago.

1888.-Feb. 19. Cyclone at Mt. Vernon; 30 killed.

1888.-April 3. Melville W. Fuller appointed Judge of the Supreme Court of the United States.

1888.-April 30. Appointment of Melville W. Fuller to office of Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.

1888.-June 20. Republican National Convention at Chicago nominated Benjamin Harrison and Levi P. Morton.

1886.-Nov. 4. Burning of Monticello Seminary at Godfrey; since rebuilt.

1889.-Establishment of Asylum for Insane Criminals at Chester.

1889.-Creation of Chicago Sanitary District.

1889.-April 25. Death of Elijah M. Haines, ex-speaker of House of Representatives.

1889.-May 25. Act creating State Historical Library.

1889.-May 27. Miners' strike at Braidwood necessitates military interference.

1889.-June 9. Death of Leonard Swett, eminent Chicago lawyer and early friend of Lincoln.

1889.-July 29.-New territory added to Chicago, making its area 172.18 square miles.

1889.-Oct. 21. Strike of coal miners at LaSalle ends with concession to miners.

1889.-Nov. 21. Darkest day ever know at Chicago; lights used at noon.

1889.-Dec. 9. Auditorium building, Chicago, completed and opera house dedicated.

1890.-Chicago University endowed by John D. Rockefeller with $1,600,000 and by Marshall Field with valuable gift of land.

1890.-Jan. 27. Death of William Bross, Lieutenant-Governor 1865-69, and eminent journalist.

1890.-Feb. 24. Chicago chosen by National House of Representatives for World's Columbian Exposition in 1893.

1890.-April 7. Seven thousand Chicago carpenters strike for an eight hour day.

1890.-April 25. Bill providing for World's Columbian Exposition signed by President Harrison.

1890.-July 23-Aug. 1. Special session legislated for and proposed constitutional amendment in aid of World's Columbian Exposition.

1890.-Nov. 4. Adoption of amendment to State constitution authorizing city of Chicago to issue five millions of 5 per cent bonds in aid of Columbian Exposition.

1890.-Nov. 4. Additions to city of Chicago make its area 180.2 square miles.

1891.-Legislative committee investigates Live Stock Exchanges.

1891.-Jan. 20. Beginning of Palmer-Oglesby contest for United States Senator which ended March 11th by the election of John M. Palmer on the 154th ballot.

1891.-March 8. Death of William H. Herndon, Lincoln's law partner and author of a life of Lincoln.

1891.-June 3. Monument to General Grant unveiled at Galena.

1891.-June 11. Adoption of anti-trust laws.

1891.-June 12. Proposed amendment to State Constitution in regard to amendments to the Constitution, section 2 article XIV; submitted to people at November election in 1892 and failed of adoption.

1891.-June 16. Appropriation made for removing old Kaskaskia cemetery to site near Fort Gage and to erect monument on new site. Work completed in 1893.

1891.-June 17. Act making first Monday in September, "Labor Day," and 12th of February, "Lincoln's Birthday," in each year legal holidays.

1891.-June 17. Five per cent made the legal rate of interest, and over seven per cent, usury.

1891.-June 17. Passage of act prohibiting the employment of children under thirteen years of age.

1891.-June 17. Act designating reform school at Pontiac the Illinois State Reformatory.

1891.-June 19. Act granting women 21 years and over right to vote at all school elections.

1891.-June 22. Adoption of Australian ballot system.

1891.-June 23. Act providing a bounty for killing English sparrows in months of December, January and February of each year.

1891.-Sept. 3. Dedication on Gettysburg battlefield of monuments to Illinois soldiers.

1891.-Oct. 7. Unveiling at Chicago of Grant equestrian statue.

1892.-March 10. Train of 28 cars made up at Bloomington consisting of 12,000 bushels of corn contributed by citizens of McLean county to Russian famine sufferers.

1892.-June 20. Death of James K. Edsall, Attorney General of Illinois from 1873 to 1881.

1892.-July 13. Excursion steamer capsized in Illinois river near Peoria with loss of 16 lives.

1892.-July 22. Unveiling at Chicago of Logan equestrian statue.

1892.-Sept. 18. Telephone communication opened between New York City and Chicago.

1892.-Oct. 1. Chicago University opened with 500 students in attendance.

1892.-Oct. 21. Dedication of World's Fair buildings at Chicago.

1892.-Nov. 17. Cyclone at Red Bud wrecks fifty buildings.

1892.-Dec. 27. Death of Orange Judd, prominent agricultural editor.

1892.-Commission appointed for the promotion of uniform legislation in the United States.

1893.-Commission appointed to revise statues.

1893.-Investigation of Whisky Trust by State Legislature.

1893.-Jan. 21. Wann railroad disaster near Alton; 21 killed and many injured.

1893.-Feb. 2. Repeal of compulsory education law.

1893.-March 4. W. Q. Gresham appointed Secretary of State of the United States.

1893.-May 1. World's Fair formally opened by President Cleveland at Chicago.

1893.-June 8. Proposed amendment to State Constitution regarding labor; submitted to people at election in 1894 and failed of adoption.

1893.-June 9. Act approved dividing State into 25 Congressional districts. First election thereunder held November, 1894.

1893.-June 15. Under act of this date State was re-apportioned into 51 Senatorial districts, as provided by the Constitution.

1893.-June 17. Act creating State Board of Factory Inspectors.

1893.-June 17. Sunday closing of World's Fair decided against by Chief Justice Fuller.

1893.-June 19. Adoption of compulsory education law.

1893.-June 20. Act establishing State Insurance Department.

1893.-June 21. Act establishing Naval Militia.

1893.-June 22. Unveiling of Fort Dearborn Memorial at Chicago.

1893.-June 22. Establishing of State Home for Juvenile Female Offenders at Geneva.

1893.-June 26. Anarchists Fieldon, Neebe and Schwab pardoned by Governor Altgeld.

1893.-July 10. Cold storage building at World's Fair destroyed by fire; 11 firemen and 9 others lost their lives.

1893.-Sept. 11. Parliament of religious opened at World's Fair.

1893.-Oct. 27. Assassination of Mayor Carter Harrison of Chicago.

1893.-Oct. 27. Marshall Field subscribes $1,000,000 for founding of Columbian Museum, Chicago.

1893.-Oct. 23. World's Columbian Exposition officially closed.

1894.-Jan. 8. World's Fair buildings burn with a loss of $1,000,000.

1894.-Feb. 14. Death of Mrs. Myra II. Bradwell, editor of "Chicago Legal News."

1894.-March1. Death of Wm. H. Poole, librarian Newberry Library, Chicago.

1894.-April 12.-Lockout of building trades in Chicago; 10,000 men thrown out of employment.

1894.-May 11. Pullman Palace Car Company employee's strike at Pullman; 2,000 men quit work.

1894.-June 28.-Boycott declared by labor organization on all principal railroads.

1894.-July 3. Federal troops ordered to Chicago to enforce laws of United States.

1894.-July 5. President Cleveland declines to remove federal troops as demanded by Governor Altgeld.

1894.-July 8. President Cleveland declared martial law at Chicago.

1894.-July 11. President Debs, of A. R. U., indicted by federal grand jury on charge of interfering with United States mail.

1894.-July 19. President Debs, of A. R. U., officially declared the strike off.

1894.-Aug. 17. Death of Hon. Burton H. Cook, who twice placed Lincoln in nomination for the presidency.

1894.-Aug. 22. Work began on the Hennepin canal.

1894.-Oct. 3. Death of Professor David Swing, eminent pulpit and platform orator.

1895.-Jan. 4. Fire destroys State insane hospital at Anna; loss, $300,000.

1895.-Jan. 6. Death of Philip S. Post, member of Congress 1887-1895.

1895.-March 14. Illinois Supreme Court decides eight-hour or sweat-shop law unconstitutional.

1895.-March 20. Act regulating civil service of cities.

1895.-March 28. Riot in State Home for Juvenile Female Offenders, at Geneva.

1895.-April 13. Dome of Illinois State Capitol damaged by fire.

1895.-May 5. Death of John B. Hawley, member of Congress 1869-1873.

1895.-May 18. Conveyance of Lincoln Monument and appurtenances by Lincoln Monument Association accepted by State of Illinois.

1895.-May 22. Act creating Eastern Illinois Normal School, at Charleston.

1895.-May 22. Act creating Northern Illinois Normal School, at DeKalb.

1895.-May 22. Establishment of Western Illinois Hospital for Insane, at Watertown.

1895.-May 28. Death of W. Q. Gresham, Secretary of State of the United States; buried at Oakwood Cemetery, Chicago, May 30.

1895.-May 30. Dedication of monument to Confederate dead at Oakwood Cemetery, Chicago.

1895.-June 13. Act creating Soldiers' Widows' Home, at Wilmington.

1895.-June 13. Passage of act concerning land titles, known as "Torrens Land Act." Held to be unconstitutional by Supreme Court in 1896.

1895.-June 14. Proposed amendment to State Constitution concerning amendments thereto, section 2, article XIV, submitted to people at election in November, 1896, and failed of adoption.

1895.-June 15. Adoption of prison parole system.

1895.-June 15. Act providing for taxing gifts, legacies and inheritances.

1895.-June 17. Legislature appropriated $25,000 for a monument at Alton to the memory of Elijah P. Lovejoy.

1895.-June 21. Act creating Asylum for Incurable Insane, at Bartonville.

1895.-June 24. Act creating Illinois Farmers' Institutes.

1895.-June 25-Aug. 2. Special session provided for additional revenue and created State Board of Arbitration.

1895.-June 26. Act requiring United States national flags to be placed on all public buildings.

1895.-July 14. Death of Frederick Remann, during his first term in Congress.

1895.-July 16. W. H. (Coin) Harvey and R. G. Hoar began debate on currency question, at Chicago.

1895.-July 30. Death of Judge John D. Caton, of the Illinois Supreme Court 1842-1864.

1895.-Aug. 2. Act creating State Board of Arbitration.

1895.-Aug. 14. Riot at Spring Valley between Italian and negro miners; 1 killed and several injured.

1895.-Oct. 31. First earthquake on record in Chicago.

1895.-Nov. 4. Death of Eugene Field, poet, lecturer and journalist.

1896.-April 9. Death of Gustav Koerner, supreme judge 1845-48, Lieutenant-Governor 1853-57.

1896.-June 25. Death of Lyman Trumbull, United States Senate 1855-1873, Supreme Judge of Illinois 1848-1853.
1896.-July 7. National Democratic convention assembled at Chicago, nominating William J. Bryan and Arthur Sewall.

1896.-Dec. 3. Incorporation of Illinois State Poultry, Pigeon and Pet Stock Association.

1897.-April 2. Act consolidating the divisions of the supreme court.

1897.-May 1. Enactment of second "Torres Land Act," which has been held to be constitutional.

1897.-May 26. Act requiring foreign corporations to maintain a public office in this State.

1897.-June 2. Act repealing flag law of 1895.

1897.-June 3.-Act creating State Board of Examiners of Architects.

1897.-June 5. Act creating State Board of Pardons.

1897.-June 9. Passage of "Allen Bill," law relating to street railways.

1897.-June 10. Act requiring license of plumbers in cities of 5,000 and over.

1897.-June 11. Act creating State Board of Examiners of Horseshoers.

1897.-June 24. Death of Edward D. Cooke, member of Congress 1895-1897.

1897.-July 14.-Death of John F. Farmsworth, distinguished soldier of civil war and member of Congress 1857-61 and 1863-73.

1897.-Oct. 19. Death of Geo. M. Pullman, president and founder of the Pullman Palace Car Company.

1897.-Oct. 21. Death of Newton Bateman, Superintendent of Public Instruction 1859-63 and 1865-75.

1897.-Nov. 17. Death of General Charles E. Hovey, first president of the Illinois State Normal University, at Normal, and commander of the "Normal Regiment" during the civil war.

1897.-Nov. 17. Death of Thomas G. Ridgway, State Treasurer 1875-1877.

1897.-Dec. 7-Feb. 24. Special session made new senatorial apportionment, enacted laws relating to primary elections, revenue and schools.

1897.-Dec. 18. Death of Washington Hessing, editor and proprietor "Staats-Zeitung."

1898.-Jan. 11. Approval of senatorial apportionment act, afterwards held to be unconstitutional by supreme court.

1898.-Feb. 6. Death of Dios C. Hagle, Assistant Attorney General of Illinois.

1898.-Feb. 10. Approval of primary election law applicable to counties of 125,000 or over, and may be adopted by others.

1898.-Feb. 17. Death of Frances E. Willard, eminent lecturer and social reformer.

1898.-Feb. 25. General revision of law concerning assessment of property.

1898.-April 3. Levee surrounding the city of Shawneetown breaks, placing city under water. Governor sends his representative to the scene of disaster and issues a proclamation asking for contributions in aid of the flood sufferers.

1898.-April 9. Body of Miss Frances E. Willard cremated at Chicago.

1898.-June 23. Death of Samuel Inglis, State Superintendent of Public Instruction 1894-1898.

1898.-July 3. Death of John Moses, author of "Illinois Historical and Statistical."

1898.-Sept. 30. John Hay appointed Secretary of the United States.

1898.-Oct. 13. Bloody fight over attempt to land negro miners at Virden to take place of striking employees. Train bearing negroes riddled with bullets; eleven men killed and over thirty wounded.

1898.-Nov. 21. Owing to labor troubles connected with coal mines at Pana, Governor proclaims martial law; order revoked March 21, 1899.

1899.-Jan. 27. Death of Simon Pokagon, last chief of the Pottawotomie Indians.

1899.-Feb. 28. Act providing for a heroic bronze statue of the late Frances E. Willard, to be erected in the National Statuary Hall, at Washington, D. C.

1899.-March 16. Death of Joseph Medill, distinguished legislator and eminent journalist.

1899.-March 23. Death of David J. Barker, Judge of Illinois Supreme Court 1878-79 and 1888-1897.

1899.-March 29. Act concerning incorporation, management and regulation of pawners' societies.

1899.-April 10. Fight between white and colored miners at Pana, in which 6 are killed and 9 wounded; Governor again declares martial law.

1899.-April 11. Act creating free employment agencies in cities of certain designated population.

1899.-April 15. Death of John H. Oberly, prominent Illinois politician and journalist.

1899.-April 19. Act providing for the establishment of a State Colony for Epileptics.

1899.-April 21. Act requiring corporation to make annual reports to the Secretary of State.

1899.-April 21. Act regulating treatment and control of dependent, neglected and delinquent children. "Juvenile Court Act."

1899.-April 22. Act prohibiting the use of the national flag or emblem for commercial purpose.

1899.-April 24. Death of Richard J. Oglesby, fifteenth governor of the State and United States Senator, 1873-79.

1899.-April 24. Act appropriating $100,000 to repair and rebuild the Lincoln Monument.

1899.-April 24. Act providing for the establishment of the Western Illinois State Normal School.

1899.-April 24. Act creating the officer of State Supervising Architect.

1899.-April 24. Act enabling boards of education of school trustees to establish and maintain parental or truant schools.

1899.-April 24. Act creating State Board of Inspectors of Commission Merchants.

1899.-April 24. Act creating office of State Food Commissioner.

1899.-April 24. Act creating office of State Game Commissioner.

1899.-July 1. State troops sent to Carterville to quell disturbances arising from labor troubles at the coal mines there.

1899.-July 21. Death of Robert G. Ingersoll, eminent lawyer and platform orator.

1899.-Sept. 15. Appointment of Practice Commission, in accordance with a joint resolution of the Forty-first General Assembly.

1899.-Sept. 17. Fight between white and colored miners at Carterville. Six negroes killed.

1899.-Oct. 9. President McKinley lays foundation stone of new post office building, Chicago.

1899.-Oct. 13. Robbers secured upwards of $25,000 from a train on the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad, between Malta and DeKalb.

1899.-Nov. 12. Major John A. Logan, Jr., killed on the field of battle near San Jacinto, Philippine Islands.

1899.-Nov. 23. Dedication of Illinois monuments at Chickamauga National Park.

1900.-Jan. 2. Chicago Drainage Canal. Water turned into canal from Chicago river.

1900.-Jan. 17. Chicago Drainage Canal. Water from canal turned into Illinois river.